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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-27

Neuromonitoring in Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction: A Review of Literature

Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Liang Gao
Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jtccm.jtccm_3_18

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Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating subtype of ischemic stroke, which carries a significant mortality rate (up to 80%) despite of conservative treatment. On the other hand, surgical decompressive procedure is the only established therapy to rescue the adverse effects of malignant edema and thus improve outcome. Accordingly, the early recognition of a possible malignant course as well as prediction of outcome is crucial for clinical decision-making. Numerous neuromonitoring techniques have been applied to address this issue. In theory, these techniques have the potential to present the information needed to guide targeted and timely intervention before irreversible damage takes place. However, the results were heterogeneous yet conflicting. We examined and summarized the recent evidence in this review, which may shed light on current trends.

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