|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 17
Do TEG Parameters Like Maximum Amplitude, Reaction Time Predict Sepsis-Induced Coagulopathy and Mortality?
Syed Nabeel Muzaffar
Department of Critical Care Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Submission||31-Oct-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||24-Nov-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||10-Dec-2021|
Dr. Syed Nabeel Muzaffar
Department of Critical Care Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
|How to cite this article:|
Muzaffar SN. Do TEG Parameters Like Maximum Amplitude, Reaction Time Predict Sepsis-Induced Coagulopathy and Mortality?. J Transl Crit Care Med 2021;3:17
|How to cite this URL:|
Muzaffar SN. Do TEG Parameters Like Maximum Amplitude, Reaction Time Predict Sepsis-Induced Coagulopathy and Mortality?. J Transl Crit Care Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 21];3:17. Available from: http://www.tccmjournal.com/text.asp?2021/3/1/17/332241
I read with great interest the article published by Li et al. in your esteemed journal in September 2021, entitled “TEG parameters maximum amplitude, reaction time predicts sepsis-induced coagulopathy and mortality: A prospective, observational study.” The authors have done a great job to explore the spectrum of coagulopathy in sepsis by thromboelastography (TEG), in which they have found an association between deranged maximum amplitude (MA)/reaction time (R) ratio and poor outcome in sepsis. This study aptly emphasizes the possible advantages of a comprehensive test like TEG over conventional coagulation assays (CCAs). TEG analyzes the whole coagulation cascade in a holistic way unlike CCAs, which depicts only the initial phase of clotting cascade. However, there are a few points which we would like to emphasize upon:
- Although the concept of MA/R is novel and has shown a good association with the outcome of patients in this study, rationale behind choosing MA/R ratio needs further explanation. MA depends upon platelet count and R depends upon clotting factors. However, fibrinogen levels are not considered in this ratio, which is mainly depicted by the alpha angle, and has an importance influence on kinetics of clot formation. In addition, deranged fibrinogen levels also play an important role in sepsis-induced coagulopathy
- Normal baseline values for TEG in healthy controls have not yet been validated and may vary between different populations. Studies are required to establish the baseline values and then decide test cutoffs accordingly. The rationale behind deciding cutoffs for MA/R and formation of three groups (MA/R0, MA/R1, and MA/R2) are not clear from the methodology
- Majority of patients were elderly and had abdominal infections. It would have been interesting to know how many of them had surgical etiology of infection as source control is an essential step influencing outcome of patients in surgical cases
- Most of the patients in this study were in septic shock and had higher intensive care unit (ICU) mortality of around 50% (and around 67% hospital mortality) as compared to mortality rates mentioned in the literature,, which may depend upon many factors such as time to ICU admission (although not high in this study) and usual standard of care provided. Hence, it is difficult to associate MA/R to the disease process per se
- Blood component therapy and its influence on MA/R kinetics are not clear from the study
- Besides sepsis, patients with cirrhosis may also not bleed despite having an apparently deranged coagulation profile. This may be due to the underlying pathophysiological change of balanced coagulopathy. Thus, TEG also has an important role in managing coagulopathy in patients with cirrhosis also
- Incidence of sepsis and its further differentiation into bacterial versus fungal sepsis may also influence the study results. Thus, applicability of the study results may not be similar in different etiologies of sepsis
To conclude, TEG is popular in the fields of cardiac surgery and trauma, and its exploration in the management of cirrhosis and sepsis would help in maximizing its utility in these areas. Further large-scale research is required looking into different TEG parameters rigorously and thereby utilizing a promising tool like TEG holistically for the diagnosis and management of sepsis.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Li X, Wang L, Liang Y, Li L, Li X, Zhang Z, et al
. TEG parameters maximum amplitude, reaction time predicts sepsis-induced coagulopathy and mortality: A prospective, observational study. J Transl Crit Care Med 2021;3:5.
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